Ph.D. Electrical Engineering
University of Liverpool, England, 1963
Dipl. Ing. Electrical Engineering
Israel Institute of Technology, Technion, 1960
B.S. Electrical Engineering
Israel Institute of Technology, Technion, 1959
B.S. Mechanical Engineering
Israel Institute of Technology, Technion, 1958
Fellow, IEEE (elected: 1.1.85)
BIOSKETCH - D. GRAUPE
Daniel Graupe, Ph.D., is Emeritus Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Emeritus Professor of Bioengineering and Emeritus Adjunct Professor of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine at the University of Illinois at Chicago where he co-directs the signal and image processing laboratory. Dr. Graupe is Life Fellow of the IEEE ( Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers). He received his BSME and BSEE degrees from the Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Liverpool, England.
He served as Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, with responsibility to Signal Processing (1989-91) and of the IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering 2002-2004). He is presently associate editor of the International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering (with responsibility to neural networks), of Neurological Research (with responsibility to Neuroengineering), of Psychline and on the advisory board of the BAM (Basic & Appl. Myology) journal.
He is menber of the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors of the International Society of Bioelectromagnetism. He serves on several committees of the IEEE?s Signal Processing Society and Bioengineering society.
He authored four text books in his field of research, one of which was translated into Russian and into Serbo-Kroatian, another into Chinese and a Spanish translation was recently completed. He also authored chapters in several other books, 90 papers in major scientific journals and over 120 papers in scientific conference proceedings.
Prior to joining the University of Illinois, he held the rank of Distinguished Professor and of the Bodine Chair Professor at Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. In addition, Dr. Graupe is Attending Member of the Staff of the Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago, and has been Springer Visiting Chair Professor at the University of California, Berkeley and visiting professor in the Medical School of Tel-Aviv University, Israel, at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, at the University of Notre Dame, at Academia Sinica, Beijing and Northwestern University, Evanston, IL. He also served on the faculties University of Liverpool, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology and Colorado State University.
Dr. Graupe is the holder of over 20 U.S. patents and of several foreign patents, including the patents for the Parastep electrical stimulation system for ambulation by paraplegics.
Dr. Graupe's functional electrical stimulation system for ambulation by paraplegics was approved in 1994 for sale as safe and effective by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration, USA) - as the first unbraced ambulation system for traumatic paraplegics so approved. It was approved in 2002 for full reimbursement by Medicare and Medicaid.
Dr. Graupe's research interests include: Control Systems, Time Series Analysis, Signal Processing, Biomedical Control, Neural Networks, Blind Adaptive Filtering, Wavelets and Electrical Stimulation.
D. Graupe was the inventor of the Zeta Blocker blind adaptive filter incorporated in several hearing aids (e.g., Strakey Labs and others), which was the first digital system to be part of a hearing aid (1985 and on)
Image in -28 dB noise (Unknown noise or signal)
as in Fig 1 after passing through blind adaptive filter
Dr. Graupe was the inventor (1987 and on) of the Parastep Funcional Electrical Stimulation System to allow complete upper-motor-neuron paraplegics to walk short distances without braces. This was the first (and as of 8.1998, the only) electrical stimulation system for ambulation by paraplegics that received FDA (Food & Drugs Administration, USA) approval and is commercially manufactured by Sigmedics, Inc. of Northfield, IL
complete paraplegic(severed spinal cord)
PUBLICATIONS ? D. Graupe
Identification of System, Van Nostrand Reinhold and Robert E. Kreiger Publ. Co. 1972 and 1976 (2nd Ed.), Huntington, NY.
Translation of above book into Serbo-Kroation (Yugoslavian), Univ. of Sarajevo Press, Yugoslavia, 1977.
Translation of above book into Russian, MIR Publishing Co., Moscow, 1979.
Time Series Analysis, Identification and Adaptive Filtering, R.E. Kreiger, Publ. Co., Melbourne, FL, 1984, second revised edition, 1989.
Translation of above book (Time Series etc.) into Chinese (Science Press, Peking, 1987).
Functional Electrical Stimulation for Ambulation by Paraplegics (D.Graupe and K.H.Kohn), Krieger Publ. Co. Malabar, FL. 1994.
Translation of above book into Spanish, Buenos Aires, Argentina, (in print).
Principles of Artificial Neural Networks, World Scientific Publishing Co. 1997
.Principles of Artificial Neural Networks, (revised 2nd edition), World Scientific Publishing Co. 2007
The Encyclopedia of Physical Science of Technology, Vol. 3, pp. 589-617, Academic Press, Editors: R.A. Meyers, Chandrasekhan, L. Pauling, etc.), 1987
Chapters in Books
Chapter in: Blood Flow Through Organs and Tissues, Editors: W.H. Bain, M.D. and A.M. Harper, M.D., Livingston Press, Edinburgh, 1968.
Chapter in: Microcomputers in Health Care, Ed. H.S. Eden, M.D., Moyes Med. Publishing Co., Park Ridge, N.J. 1984.
Chapter in: Auditory and Hearing Prosthetics Research, Ed. V.D. Larson, Grune & Stratton Publishing Co., 1979.
Chapter in: Comprehensive Management of the Spinal Cord Injured Patient, Ed. B. Lee, Saunders Publ. Co., Philadelphia, 1991.
Chapter on: An Active Medical Information System using Active Index and Artificial Neural Network, in: Advances in Medical Image Databases, (Editor: S. Wong), Kluwer Press, pp. 225-249, 1999 (authored by: Chang, S.K. Graupe, D., Hasegawa, K. and Kordylewski, H)
Chapter in: Handbook of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Ed.: S.K. Chang, (Vol. 1, Chapter 5), entitled: A Large Scale Neural Networks and Its Applications, by D. Graupe and H. Kordylewski), World Scientific Publishing Co., 2001, pp.487-505.
Chapter in: Biomedical Engineering Handbook (3rd Edition), Editor: JD Brozino, entitled: Transcutaneous FES for Ambulation: The Parastep System, CRC Taylor & Francis, Baton Rouge, London, N, 2006., pp. 31.1-31.20,
Editorship of Journals
1. Assoc. Editor, IEEE Trans. of Circuits and Systems, 1989-1992.
2. Editorial Advisory Board, Engineering Design, 1989-present.
3. Area Editor (Neural Networks), International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, 1996-present.
4. Assoc. Editor, Neurological Research (with responsibility to neuroengineering), 1998-present.
5. Assoc. Editor, Psychline (Psychol & Neurol.), 1998-present.
6. Member of Editorial Board, Federation News, International Fed of Neurosurgery Societies, 1998-present.
7. Associate Editor, IEEE Trans. On Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 2002-2004.
8. Member of the Advisory Board, BAM (Basic & Applied Myology) Journal, 2007-present
Also: Guest Editor: Special Issue on Neurology and Neural Networks, (Neurol. Res., July 2001); Guest Editor: Special Section on Functional Electrical Stimulation, (Neur. Res., Sept. 2002)
1. Simulation of the Dynamic Characteristics of a Superheater, Int. Jour. Mech. Sci., Vol. 5, pp. 13-40, 1963.
2. Computation of Steam Transients in Turbine and Piping Elements, Proc. Inst. Mech. E., Vol. 179, Pt. 3H, pp. 82-91, 1965, with A.S. Aldred.
3. Adaptive Control System Utilizing Sampling Techniques and Aitkin's Approximation, Electronics Letters, Vol. 1, pp. 120-122, 1965, with G.R. Cassir.
4. Dynamic Optimization of a Boiler, Proc. IEE, Vol. 112, pp. 445.
5. Adaptive Control by Predictive Identification and Optimization, Trans. IEEE, G-AC, pp. 191-194, April 1967, with G.R. Cassir.
6. Analysis of On-Line Identification and Control of Nuclear Reactor, Journ. Brit. Nuclear EnergySoc., Vol. AC-13, pp. 564-567, October 1968, with G.R. Cassir.
7. Reduction and Identification of Many-Variable Processess, Transaction of IEEE, Automatic Control, Vol. AC-13, pp. 564-567, October 1968, with G.R. Cassir.
8. A Predictive Approach to the Control of Processes without A priori Information, International Journal of Control, pp. 534-545, 1968, with G.R. Cassir.
9. Reduction of Optimization Parameters in Multivariable Processes without a Priori Information, Jour. Assoc. of Engrs. and Archs. of Israel, Vol. 26, pp. 82-85, 1968.
10. Estimation of Inaccessible State Variables with A Priori Unknown Parameters, International Journal of Control, Vol. 10, No. 5, pp. 553-557, 1969, with G.H. Swanik.
11. Some Aspects Regarding Mechanistic Modeling of Recognition and Memory, Cybernetica, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 119-141, 1969, with J.W. Lynn.
12. Sub-Optimal Solutions of Linear Control and Eigenvalue Pattern Problems, International Journal of Control, Vol. 14, pp. 513-528, 1971, with Y. Koren.
13. Analysis of Optimal Cost Sensitivity to Parameter Changes, IEEE Trans., Vol. AC-16, pp. 487-488, 1971, with B.Z. Bobrovsky.
14. Closed Loop Sub-Optimal Control of Linear Processes without Mode Switching, International Journal of Control, Vol. 15, pp. 577-586, 1972, with Y. Koren.
15. Derivation of Weighting Matrices Towards Satisfying Eigenvalue Requirements, Int. J. Cont., Vol. 16, pp. 881-890, 1972.
16. Investigation of a Learning Control System with Interpolation, IEEE Trans., Vol SMC-13, pp. 338-395, 1972, with J.W. Lynn and A. Hammer.
17. Control of an Artificial Upper Limb in Several Degrees of Freedom, Bull. Prosthesis Res., vol. 10-18, pp. 25-39, 1973.
18. Identification of Predictor and Filter Parameters by ARMA Methods, International Journal of Control, Vo. 17, pp. 1021-1027, 1973, with D.J. Krause.
19. Identification and Prediction of a Class of Non-Gaussian Time Series via Transformation, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 4, pp. 441-447, 1973, with D.J. Krause.
20. On the Identification of Input-Output-Noise Models, Int. J. Sys. Sci., vol. 4, pp. 617-621, 1973, with D.J. Krause.
21. Identification of Kalman-Bucy Filters from Noisy Measurement Arrays, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 4, pp. 739-756, 1973, with D.J. Krause and W.K. Cline.
22. Optimal Linear Control Subject to Sensitivity Constraints, IEEE Trans. on Aut. Cont., Vol. 19, pp. 593-594, Oct. 1974.
23. Identification of ARMA Parameters of Time Series, IEEE Trans. on Aut. Cont., Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 104-107, Feb. 1975, with D.J. Krause and J.B. Moore.
24. Stochastic Analysis of EMG Signals via ARMA Methods, IEEE Trans. on Sys., Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 252-259, 1975, with W.K. Cline.
25. Derivation of ARMA Parameters and Orders from Pure AR Models, Int. J. Cont., pp. 101-107, 1975, with W.K. Cline.
26. Performance Analysis of Linear Regulators with Non-Gaussian Markovian Disturbance, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 6, pp. 653-664, 1975, with R. Shinnar and U.G. Cegla.
27. Stochastic Approximation Algorithms for Identifying ARMA Processes, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 5, pp. 1025-1028, 1974, with J. Perl.
28. Estimation of Upper Bounds of Errors in Identifying Autoregressive Models, Int. J. Sys. Sci., vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 1-8, 1975.
29. Simultaneous Control of Artificial Upper Extremity Prosthesis in Several Degrees of Freedom, Bull. Prosth. Res., Fall 1974.
30. On Identifying Stochastic Closed Loop System, IEEE Trans. on Aut. Cont., Vol. 20, No. 4, Aug. 1975.
31. A Unified Sequential Identification Structure Based on Convergence Consideration, Automatic, Vol. 12, pp. 53-61, 1976, with E. Fogel.
32. Addendum to: A Unified Sequential Identification Structure Based on Convergence Considerations, Automatica, Vol. 12, No. 1, p. 541, 1976, with E. Fogel.
33. Convergence of Least Squares Parameters Identification of Weakly Stationary Time Series Models Driven by Uncorrelated Processes, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 8, pp. 25-30, with E. Fogel.
34. Convergence of Least Squares Identification Algorithms Applied to Unstable Stochastic Processes, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 8, pp. 611-618, 1977, with E. Fogel.
35. Comment on: Convergence of Least Squares Identification Applied to Unstable Stochastic Processes, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 9, pp. 839-340, 1978.
36. A Multifunctional Prosthesis Control System Based on Time Series Identification of EMG Signals, Bull. Prosthes. Res., pp. 4-16, Spring 1977, with A. Beex, J. Monlux, and J. Magnussen.
37. A Microprocessor Systems for Multifunctional Control of Upper Limb Protheses IEEE Trans. on Aut. Cont., pp. 538-544. 1978, with A. Beex and J. Magnussen.
38. Comment on Signal Processing for the Multistate Myoelectric Channel, Proc. IEEE, pp. 809-810, July 1978.
39. Applications of Time Series Identification and Filtering Theory to Hearing Aids, Hearing Aid Jour., pp. 20-29, Oct. 1977, with D.G. Causey and M. Soffa.
40. Mean Square Convergence of Least-Squares Identification Algorithms of White Noise Driven Time-Series Models, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 563-567.
41. Addendum to Mean Square Convergence of LS Identification of White Noise Driven Time Series, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 10, pp. 943, 1979.
42. Control of Above-Elbow and Shoulder Disarticulation Prosthesis via Single Site EMG Temporal Signature Identification, International Inf. Bul., 1980.
43. Comment on A Unified Sequential Identification Structure, Automatica, Vol. 15, May 1979, with E. Fogel.
44. A Comparative Analysis of Various Least Squares Identification Algorithms Including Direct LS, Parcor, Lattice and Square-Root Algorithms, Automatica, Vol. 16, No. 1980, with V.K. Jain and J. Salahi.
45. On Convergence of Least Squares Identifiers of Autoregressive Models Having Stable and Unstable Roots, IEEE Trans. on Automatic Control, Vol. AC-25, No. 5, Oct. 1980.
46. Speech Recognition and Control for the Severely Disable, J. Biomed. Eng., pp. 97-107, 1980, with A. Cohen and D. Graupe.
47. On LS Identification of Markov and Martingale Processes, Int. J. Sys. Sci., Dec. 1980, with J. Grosspietsch and D. Graupe.
48. Multifunctional Prosthesis and Orthosis Control via Microcomputer Identification of Pattern Differences in EMG Signals, J. Biomed. Eng., pp. 17-22, 1982, with J. Salahi and K. H. Kohn.
49. Patient-Controlled Electrical Stimulation via EMG-Signature Discrimination for Providing Certain Paraplegics with Primitive Walking Functions, J. Biomed. Eng., Vol. 5, pp. 220-226, 1983, with K.H. Kohn, A. Kralj, and S. Basseas.
50. Electromyographic Control of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Selected Paraplegics, Orthopedics, Vol. 7, pp. 1134-1138, 1984, K.H. Kohn, S. Basseas, and E. Naccarato.
51. Stochastic Analysis of EMG Temporal Signatures for Multifunctional Single-Site Activation of Prostheses and Orthoses, J. Biomed. Eng., Vol. 7, pp. 18-29, 1985, with J. Salahi and D.S. Zhang.
52. Quantitative Weight-Bearing and Gait Evaluation of Paraplegics Using Functional Electrical Stimulation, Med. & Biol. Engineering & Computing, Vol. 23, pp. 101-107, 1984, with J. Mizrahi, Z. Braun, and T. Najenson.
53. Energy Cost and Physiological Reactions to Effort During FES in Paraplegics," Scand. J. Rehab. Med. Suppl., vol. 12, pp. 102-107, 1985, with E. Isakov, J. Mizrahi, E. Becker, and T. Najenso.
54. Activation of Paraplegic Patients by Functional Electrical Stimulation: Training and Biomechancial Evaluation, Scand. J. Rehab. Med. Suppl., vol. 12, pp. 93-101, 1985.
55. Adaptive Min-Max Filtering in Spread Spectrum Channels with Very Fast Frequency Hop Disturbances, Int. J. Sys. Sci., February 1987, with J. Uth., pp. 487-499.
56. Karhunen-Loeve Expansions for Limb Function Discrimination in EMG-Controlled Stimulation for Paraplegics, Int. J. Sys. Sci., with Z. Liang, pp. 131-139, January 1987.
57. An Adaptive Filter of Noise from Speech, Hearing Instruments, 1986 Part I (Oct.), Part II (Nov.), with Grosspietsch and Taylor.
58. Single-Microphone-Based Self Adaptive Filter of Noise from Speech, J. Rehabil. Res. & Development (Special issue of hearing impairment), No. 4, 1987, pp. 119-126, (with Grosspietsch and Basseas).
59. EMG Control of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Paraplegics, CRC Critical Rev. in Biomed. Eng., Vol. 15, No. 3, March, 1988, pp. 187-210.
60. Above and Below-Lesion EMG Pattern-Mapping for Controlling Electrical Stimulation of Paraplegics to Facilitate Unbraced Walker-Assisted Walking, J.Biomed. Eng., with K. H. Kohn and S. Basseas, Vol. 10, pp. 305-311, 1988.
61. Applicability of Kalman Filtering Theory to Identification of Time Series with Nonstationary Covariance Structures (with A. Moser), International J. Sys. Sci., Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 91-96 1989.
62. Control of Electrically Stimulated Waking in Paraplegics via Above and Below Lesion EMS Signature Identification, IEEE Trans. of Automatic Cont., Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 130-138, 1989 (Graupe, Kohn and Basseas).
63. Identification of Nonstationary Models With Application to Myoelectric Signals for Controlling Electrical Stimulation of Paraplegics, IEEE Trans. on ASSP, Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 713-719, 1989, with A.T. Moser.
64. EMG Pattern Analysis for Patient-Responsive Control of FES in Paraplegics, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., Vol. 36, No. 7, pp. 711-719, 1989.65. Topographic Components Analysis of Evoked Potentials, J. Biomed. Eng., Vol. 12, pp. 287-300. July1990 (A. Field and D. Graupe).
66. Topographic Components (Parallel Factor) Analysis of Multichannel Evoked Potentiars: Practical Issues in Trilinear Spatiotemporal Decomposition, Brain Topography, August 1991 (A. Field and D. Graupe) pp. 407-423.
67. An Output-Whitening Approach to Active Noise Cancellation, IEEE Trans. on Circ. & Sys. (D. Graupe and A. Efron), pp. 1306-1313, Nov. 1991.
68. Neural Network Control of FES in Paraplegics, (Graupe and Kordylewski), IEEE Trans. on BME. pp. 699-707, 1995.
69. Motor Unit Number Estimation by S-T Summation of Single Motor Unit Potentials, (Fang, J., Shahani, B.T. and Graupe, D.), Muscle and Nerve, 461-468 April, 1997.
70. Transcutaneous Functional Neuromuscular Stimulation of Paraplegics for Independent Short Distance Ambulation (Graupe D. and Kohn, K.H.). J. Neurological Research, pp. 323-333 June, 1997.
71. A Large-Memory Storage and Retrieval Neural Network for Adaptive Retrieval and Diagnosis, Intenat. J. Software Eng. and Knowledge Eng., Vol. 6, No.1, March 1998 (D. Graupe and H. Kordylewski), pp. 115-138
72 Functional Neuromuscular Stimulator for Short-Distance Ambulation by Certain Thoracic Level Spinal-Cord-Injuries Paraplegics, Surgical Neurology, pp. 202-207, Sept. 1998 (D. Graupe and K.H. Kohn).
73. Short Distance Ambulation via FNS for Certain Traumatic Paraplegic Patients, Psychline, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 29-31, 1998, (D. Graupe and K.H. Kohn).
74. Ambulation by Traumatic T-4/T-12 Paraplegics Using Functional Neuromuscular Stimulation, Crit.Rev.Neurosurgery, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 121-131, (D. Graupe. R. Davis, H. Kordylewski and K.H. Kohn), Aug. 1998.
75. An Active Medical Information System for Information Retrieval, Discovery and Fusion, Internat. J. Software Eng. & Knowledge Eng., Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 139-160, (S.K. Chang, D. Graupe, Keiko Hasegawa, H. Kordylewski), March 1998.
76. Blind Adaptive Filtering of Speech From Unknown Noise Using Quasi Feedback, IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing, Vol.9, No.3, pp. 146-158, (D Graupe and D Veselinovic), March 2000.
77. On Parallelism in the Ensemble Sense Between Time Series Models and Discrete Wavelet Transforms of Stochastic Signals, IEEE Trans. Circ. and Sys. / Part II: Analog & Dig. Signal Processing, Vol. 47. No. 7, pp. 485-489, (D. Veselinocic and D. Graupe), May 2000.
78. Stochastically Modulated Stimulation to Slow Down Muscle Fatigue at Stimulated Sites in Paraplegics Using Functional Electrical Stimulation for Leg Extension, Neurological Research, Vol. 22, pp. 703-704, (D. Graupe, P. Suliga, C. Prudian and K.H. Kohn), Oct. 2000.
79. The Interrelations Between Artificial and Neurology, Neurological Research, Vol. 23, pp. 482-488 (D. Graupe and B. Vern), July 2001.
80. Control of Neuromuscular Stimulation for Ambulation by Complete Paraplegics Via Artificial Neural Networks, Neurol. Research, Vol. 23, pp.472-481. (H. Kordylewski and D. Graupe), July 2001.
81. Neural Networks and Neurology (Guest Editorial), Neurol. Res,. Vol. 23, pp. 427-428, July 2001.
82. A Novel Large-Memory Neural Network as an Aid in Medical Diagnosis, IEEE Trans. on Information Technology in Biomedicine, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 202-209, (H. Kordylewski and D. Graupe), Sept. 2001
83. An Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks and to Their relevance and Applicability in Neurological Research and Practice, Psychline, Vol. 4., No. 1. 2002, pp. 22-30.
84. An Overview of Noninvasive Functional Neuromuscular Stimulation for Ambulation in Paraplegics, Neurological Research, Vol. 24, pp. 431- 442, July 2002.
85. A Wavelet Transform Approach to Blind Adaptive Filtering of Speech from Unknown Noise, IEEE Trans. on Circ. & Sys. ? Part II, (d. Veselinovic and D. Graupe) ? Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 150-154, March 2003.
86.- Automated Epilepsy Detection via Multistage Nonlinear EEG Filtering and a LAMSTAR Neural Network, Neurological Research, (V.P. Nigam and D. Graupe) ? pp. 150-154, January 2004.
87.- The Role of Neuroengineering in Neurological Research, Guest Editorial, Neurological Research, Vol. 26, pp. 611-612, Sept. 2004
88. Brain Tumor demarcation: Applying ANN on spectroscopy data, Neurological Research, ( A. Sivaramakrishnan and D. Graupe), Vol. 26, pp. 613-621, Sept. 2004.
89. Extraction of Fetal ECG from Maternal ECG Early in Pregnancy, Internat. Jour. Bioelectromagnetism, (D. Graupe, Y. Zhong and M.H. Graupe) Vol. 6, June 2005
90. The Status of Noninvasive and Ambulation Performance in Thoracic-Level Complete Paraplegics, Internat. Jour Bioelectromagnetism, Vol. 6, June 2005
91. Complete T1/T12 Level Traumatic Paraplegia: Evaluation of Short -Distance Walking by Transcutaneous FES? Neurol. Res., Special Section on FES, Vol. 30, July. 2007 .
92. Performance and Training for Walking with FES, Graupe D and Cerrel-Bazo H, Journal of Basic and Applied Myology, Vol.17, pp. 129-132, 2007.
93. Walking Performance, Medical Outcomes and Patient Training in FES of Enervated? Muscles for Ambulation by Thoracic-Level Complete Paraplegics, D. Graupe, H. Cerrel-Bazo and U. Carraro, Neurol. Research, Special Issue
on Myology, 30(2): 123-130.March 2008
94. A modified LAMSTAR neural network and its application, Int. J Neural Systems, 18(4):331-7, Aug. 2008 (NC Schneider and D Graupe)
95. Automated Prediction of Apnea and Hypopnea Using a LAMSTAR Artificial Neural Network, Amer. Jour. of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, April 2010; 181: 727-733. First published online December17 2009 as doi:10.1164/rccm.200907-1146OC (J Waxman, D Graupe, D Carley),
96. Recognition and prediction of individual and combined muscular activation modes via surface EMG analysis (Daniel Graupe). European Journal of Translational Myology (Myology Reviews), Vol. 20(3):139-146, 2010.
97. Stochastic Modeling of the Neuronal Activity in the Subthalamic Nucleus and Model Parameter Identification from Parkinson Patient Data. Biological Cybernetics ( I Basu, D Graupe, D Tuninetti, KV Slavin)
98. Adaptively Controlling Deep Brain Stimulation in Essential Tremor Patient via Surface Electromyography, Neurol. Res. (D Graupe, I Basu, D Tuninetti, P Vennemreddy, KV Slavin), 32(9):899-905, Nov. 2010
1. Dynamic Simulation of Fluid Flow Problems in Turbines and Heat
Exchangers, Proc. 4th Internat. Analogue Comp. Meeting, AICA,
2. Computation of Steam Transients in Turbine and Piping Elements, Proc. 1st
UKAC Control Convention,
3. Turbine-Governor Simulation, Proc. International Seminar on Autom.
Cont.in Prod. and Distrib. of Electrical Energy, Inst. Belge de Regul. et
4. Adaptive Control by Predictive Identification and Optimization, Proc. NEC, Vol. 22, pp. 590-594, 1966.
5. Modeling of Systems by Z-Transform Methods, Conf. on Numerical Analysis,
6. Control of Multivariable Systems by Predictive Optimization, Proc. 2nd
UKAC Control Convention,
7. Description of an Extracorporeal Flow-Meter, Blood Flow Through Organs
and Tissues, pp. 53-58,
8. Dynamic Analysis of a Turbine with Condenser and Back-Pressure Effects, Proc. 2nd SRC Power Systems Conf., Pt. 1, pp. 72-91, 1967, with M.J. Carson.
9. A Predictive Identification and Mode-Recognition Technique for Adaptive
Control of Tracking Systems, Proc. IFAC Symp. of Identification Techniques,
paper 4.1, Academia Press,
10. Application of Regression Analysis to Reduction of Multivariable Control
Problems and to Process Identification, Proc. NEC, Vol. 23, 1967 6th Symp. on
11. Dynamic Modeling of a Steam Turbine System, Including Reheater, Condenser, Governor and Alternator, 1968 Winter Power Meeting, IEEE, New York, 1968, IEEE Conf. Paper 68-CP-124-PWR, 1968, with M.J. Carson.
12. A Learning Procedure for Optimizing Nonlinear Multivariable Processes,
Proc. of the IFAC Symp. on Multivariable Systems, Vol. 1, paper 6.1,
13. Reduction of Optimization Parameters in Multivariable Processes without a Priori Information, Proc. of IEEE Israel Convention, pp. 65-69, October 1968.
14. A Learning Technique Based on Prediction and Reinforcement, Proc. of IEEE Conf. on System Science and Cybernetics, Philadelphia, 1969, with C.J. Iddan.
15. A Comparative Study of Predictors without A Priori Information, 3rd
16. An Extension of Kalman Filters to Predicting Sequence with Unknown Averages and Statistics, Proc. IFAC Symp., Kyoto, 1970.
17. Application of Simulated Evolution Techniques to Controlling Multivariable Processes, Proc. 6th International Congress of Cybernetics, 1970.
18. Sequential Regression Identification Procedure for Predictor and
Nonlinear Systems Parameters, Proc. 14th
19. Identification of Autoregressive Moving-Average Models, Proc. of the
Second Symp. on Nonlinear Estimation Theory,
20. Estimation of the Statistical Parameters of the Kalman-Bucy Filter, Proc., Third Symposium on Non-Linear Estimation Theory and Its Applications, (accepted for publication) Sept. 1972, with D.J. Krause.
21. Stochastic Analysis of EMG Signals for Multi-Functional Prosthesis
Control, Proc. 4th Carnahan Symp. on Electronic Prosthetics,
22. Estimation of Upper Bounds of Errors in Identifying AR Models, Proc. 4t
Symp. on Nonlinear Estimation Theory,
23. Identification of Multi-Input-Multi-Output Kalaran Filters via ARMA
Formulations, Proc. 4th Symp. on Nonlinear Estimation Theory,
24. Identification of Time Series by ARMA Methods (Invited Review Paper), Proc. Pittssburgh Modeling and Simulation Conference, (ISA Reprint) pp. 1013-1019.
25. Separation of Limb Functions via ARMA Identification of EMG Signals (Invited Review Paper), 6th IEEE Southeastern Conference, 1974.
26. Control of Artificial Upper Extremity Prosthesis in Several Degrees of
Freedom, VA Conf. on Prosthetics and Sensory Aids Research,
27. Parameter Identification of EMG Signals for Limb Functions
Discrimination in Prosthesis Control Systems, 5th Symp. on Nonlinear Estimation
28. State of the Art Survey - Control Engineering, Proc. Winter Lecture Series on Contemporary Technology (organized by USAF, U.S. Army and NASA), Edwards AFT, CA, 1974/
29. A Multifunctional EMG-Actuated Upper Limit Prosthesis Utilizing
Parametric Signal Discrimination (Invited Paper), IEEE Decision and Control
30. A Design of Nearly Ideal Sequential Filters Based on Approximately Batch
Filters to Fit Arbitrary Spectra for Hearing Aid Applications, VA Meeting on
Hearing Aid Research,
31. Convergence of Sequential Algorithms for Identifying Stable and Unstable
Processes, Proc. 6th Symp. on Nonlinear Estimation Theory,
32. Multifunctional Control of Artificial Limbs via Function Discrimination Based on AR Identification of EMG Signals, Proc. 28th Conf. on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, New Orleans, 1975 (Invited Paper), with W.J. Monlux.
33. Prediction Model for Run-Off from Karstified Catchments, pp. 211-225, Karst Hydrology and Water Resources, Ed. V. Yevjevich, (Proc. US - Yugoslav Symp., Dubrovnik, 1975), with V. Yevjevich and D. Isailovic.
34. Applications of Identification and Filtering Theories to Hearing Aid Design, Proc. Seminar on Trends in Hearing Aids, Laramie, WY, 1977.
35. A Microcomputer System for Multifunctional Control of Upper Limb Prostheses, Proc. JACC., pp. 1399-1404, San Francisco, 1977, with J. Magnusses and A.A.M. Beex.
36. Identification and Discrimination of EMG Signals for Multifunctional
Prosthesis Control, Proc. 4th International Symp. on Identification, (Invited
37. A Microprocessor Prosthesis Control System Based on Time Series Identification of EMG Signals (Invited Paper), Proc. IEEE International Conf on Cybernetics and Society, Washington, DC, 1976, with J. Magnussen, A.A.M. Beex, and M. Soffa.
38. Limited Dictionary Speech Recognition via Time Series Parameter Identification, Proc. IEEE/Israel Branch, Tel Aviv, 1978, with A. Cohen.39. On Line Identification of Oil Shale Parameters for In Sites Gasification Control Purposes, Proc. 2nd Oil Shale Recovery Symp., Grand Junction, CO, Dec. 1978, with J. Grosspietsch and J. Dobow.
40. Biomedical Applications of Systems and Control Theories via Microprocessor Hareard, NSF Symp. on Impact of Microprocessors on Health Care Delivery, Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX 1978.
41. Certain Applications of Tim Series Analysis to Biomedical Engineering,
(Invited Paper), Proc. JACC,
42. Limb Function Discrimination Performance Using EMG Parameter Identification
(Invited Paper), Proc. JACC,
43. Limb Function Discriminations, Proc. JACC (Joint Autom. Cont. Conf.), pp. 426-428, 1979, with D. Graupe and J. Salahi.
44. Certain Application of Time Series Analysis, Proc. JACC (Joint Autom. Cont. Conf.), pp. 728-730, 1979.
45. EMG Control of Prosthetics, Proc. Allerton Conf., 1979, with J. Salahi and J. Grosspietsch.
46. Recursive Approach to Speech Recognition, Proc. 12th
47. Principles of Robotics to Extend Capabilities of Prostheses and
Orthoses, Proc. NSF Meet. on Robotics Res.,
48. Control of Above Elbows Prostheses, Proc. NIH Meet. on Use of
Microprocessors in Patient Care,
49. Single Site Myoelectric Control, Proc. 8th Annual Prosthetics and
50. Identification of EMG Signal Signature, Proc.
51. Multifunctional AL Control via EMG Signatuare Analysis, Proc. MIDCON, Professional Program, pp. 10.2.1 to 10.2.3, 1979, with J. Salahi.
52. Applications of Robotics to Biomedical Engineering NSF Meeting on Robotics, Newport, RI, 1980, with G.N. Saridis.
53. EMG Pattern Analysis for Function Discrimination Purposes, Proc. NATO
Advance Studies Institute, Stoke
54. Computerized Signature Discrimination of Above-Lesion EMG for
Stimulating Peripheral Nerves of Complete Paraplegics, Proc. IFAC Symp. of
55. Filtering for Spread Spectrum Channels with Frequency-Hop Interference,
IEEE Global Telecom. Conf.,
56. EMG Parameter Identification for Controlling Stimulation of Nerves to Provide Paraplegics with Primitive Walking, Proc. IEEE CDC Conf., Orlando, 1982, pp.345-351, with A. Kralj, K.H. Kohn, and S. Basseas.
57. Problems in EMG Signal Discrimination, Proc. 36th Eng. in Med. & Biol. Conf., Columbus, OH, 1983.
58. EMG-Controlled Electrical Stimulation, Proc. IEEE Frontiers of Eng. & Comp. in Health Care, Columbus, OH, 1983, with K.H. Kohn, S. Basseas, and E. Naccarato.
59. EMG-Based Posture Mapping for Control in FES in Paraplegics, NIH
Workshop on Spinal Cord Injuries,
60. Patients' Self Control of FES-Activated Walking for Paraplegics, Proc.
9th International Congress of Physical Medicine,
61. Self Adaptive Filtering of Environmental Noises from Speech, Proc.
AIAA-IEEE Defense Avionics Sys. Conf.,
62. Controlling Elect. Stimulation via EMG-Based Posture Mapping, Proc. 6th IEEE Eng. in Med. & Biol. Conf., Chicago, Sept. 1984, with K.H. Kohn, S. Basseas, and E. Naccarato.
63. Identification and EMG Signature Discrimination for Posture Mapping to Control Stimulation in Paraglegia, IEEE 23rd CDC Conf., Vegas, DC, 1984, with K.H. Kohn, S. Basseas, and E. Naccarato.
64. Applications of Signal and Systems Theories in the Aid of Handicapped, 1st Conv. of Amer. Automation Assoc., Houston, TX, March 1986.
65. Discussion of Results of EMG Controlled FES-Activated Walking in
Paraplegics, IEEE Biomed.
66. A Self Adaptive Filter of Environmental Noises from Speech and Its Evaluation, Proc. 24th CDC Conf., IEEE, pp. 1261-1263, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, Dec. 1985, J. Grosspietsch and S. Basseas.
67. EMG Response to FES at Quadriceps of Paraplegics and Its Use to Control
68. A Mathematical/Control Theoretical Model of the Dynamics of a Complete Neuro Muscular Loop, IEEE Conf. of Biomedical Eng., Chicago, IL, Sept. 1985, with E. Naccarato.
69. Critical Evaluation of EMG Control in Paraplegia, Eng. Foundation Conf. on Spinal Cord Injuries, Hennicker, NH, Aug. 1985.
70. Above Lesion's EMG Pattern Mapping for Controlling
71. Above and Below Lesion EMG Control of
72. A Self Adaptive Filer of Noise, Symp. on Signal Processing in Hearing
73. Adaptive Filtering of Speech in Noise, NRC/NSA Panel on Speech Enhancement, February 1987.
74. Survey on Sig. and Image Processing in Medicine, IEEE International
Symp. on CAS (ISCAS),
75. Above & Below Lesion EMG Control of FES, IEEE-ISCAS Symp.,
76. Self Adaptive Filtering of Speech from Noise, IEEE-ISCAS Symp.,
77. Applications of Neural Nets of Medical Signal Processing, IEEE CDC Conf. 1989 (Graupe, R.W. Liu and G. Moschytz).
78. Decomposition of Surface EMG Signals into Single Fiber Action Potentials by Means of ANN's (Graupe, Vern, Gruener, Field and Huang), Proc. IEEE ISCAS Conf. Portland, OR, 1989.
79. A Neural Network Approach to Decomposing EMG Signals (Graupe D and Liu
RW) pp. 740-743, Vol. 2 Proc. 32nd
80. Active Cancellation of Machine Noise to Create Quiet Work Space, (Graupe
D and Efron A), MRC Symsp.,
81. Application of Neural Networks to Signal Processing Problems, (Graupe D , Liu RW and Huang YF), Proc. IEEE ISCAS Conf., Portland, OR, 1989.
82. A Neural Networks Decomposition of Surface EMG Signals Using Gaussian Nodes, (Liu RW, Huang YF and Graupe D), Proc. IEEE ISCAS Conf.; pp. 2053-2056, New Orleans, LA, 1990.
83. Preliminary Results, (Field A and Graupe D), Proc. IEEE ISCAS Conf.; pp.
84. A Survey of
85. An Adaptive Active Noise Cancellation System - Design and Simulation
Results, MRC Symp.,
86. Cardiovasuclar Measurements on Paraplegic during FES-Based Ambulation,
Proc. Annual Meet.
87. Trilinear Analysis Applied to Multichannel Evoked Potentials, (Field and
Graupe), Proc. IEEE ISCAS Conf.,
88. On the Development of A Transcutaneous FES System, Past and Present,
Parastep Clinical Symp.,
89. Applications of Neural Networks for Biomedical Signal Processing, IEEE -
90. An Adaptive - Control - Based Noise Cancellation Approach (Graupe and
Efron), Proc. IEEE-ISCAS Conf.,
91. Adaptive Noise Reduction Using Discrimination Functions (Etter, Moschytz and Graupe), Proc. IEEE - ICASSP Conf. Toronto 1991.
92. Three Dimensional Analysis of Adaptive ANC Based on Residual Whitening, (Efron and Graupe) Proc. MRC Symp., Chicago, 1991.
93. An Outline of the Development of the Parastep FES System, Parastep
94. Blind Adaptive Filtering of Unknown Speech from Unknown Noise in a
Single-Receiver situation, Proc. IEEE - ISCAS Conf.,
95. Stochastic Adaptive Noise Control, (Efron and Graupe), Proc. Second International Congress on Dev. in Air & Structure-Borne Sound & Vibrations, Auborn, AL, Mach 4-6, 1992.
96. Survey of
97. Pilot Study Results on FES Ambulation by Multiple Sclerosis Patients
(Vern B and Graupe D)
98. A Review of 13 years of FES Based Ambulation by SCI Patients, (Habsevich R and Graupe D), NINDS Workshop and Symp. on Neural Prostheses, Oct. 1994.
99. Preliminary Results on FES - Based Ambulation by MS Patients,
100. A Review of EMG - Controlled
101. Blind Adaptive Filtering of Speech Using Wavelet Transforms (Givens and Graupe), Proc. DSPX Conf., 1994.
102. Blind Adaptive Filtering of Signals and of Images (Graupe D and Ghane
A), Proc. IEEE-ICCI Conf.,
103. A Neural Network for Large Scale Memory Storage and Retrieval, Workshop
of Large Scale Memory,
104. Neural Network Control of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Paraplegics, Proc. IEEE-ISCAS International Conf., London, 1995.
105. A Review of the Parastep FES System, 1st IFESS Conf.,
106. Large Memory Storage and Retrieval Networks, Proc. 29th IEEE Midwest Circ. and Sys. Symp., 1996, pp. 471-474.
107. Blind Adaptive Filtering in Speech Processing, Proc. IEEE Midwest Systems and Circuits Symp., 1996, pp. 799-802.
108. A Large-Memory Storage and Retrieval Neural Network for Browsing and Medical Diagnosis, Proc. 6th ANNIE Conf., St Louis, MO, 1996, pp. 711-716.
109. Neural Network for Control of Stimulation of Peripheral Motor Neurons to Allow Patient- Responsive Ambulation by Paraplegics, Proc. 6th ANNIE Conf., St. Louis, MO, 1966. [Best Paper Award].
110. Application of the LAMSTAR Neural Network to Medical and Industrial Diagnosis/Fault Detection, Proc. 7th ANNIE Conf., St. Loius, MO. 1997, pp. 677-680.
111. Advances in Transcutaneous FES for Ambulation by Paraplegics, Proc. 3rd IFESS Conf., Luzern, Switzerland, Sept. 1998.
112. Ambulation Performance of Complete Paraplegics Using the Parastep FNS System, Proc. Annual Conference of the Neurosurgical Society of the State of Buenos Aires, Miramar, Argentina, December 1998.
113. A Clinical and Performance Review of Ambulation of Complete Paraplegics Using the Parastep FNS System, Proc. of the Wayne State. Conf. on Advances in Neurosurgery, Detroit, February 1999.
114. A Transcutaneous Microprocessor-Based Stimulator for Independent Ambulation by Thoracic Level Paraplegics, Proc. 1999 ISTNii Congress on Instrumentation in Neurosurgery, Paper 061. p. 61. Las Vegas, April 29- May 2, 1999.
115. A Novel Large-Memory Neural Network as an Aid in Medical Diagnosis Applications, Proc. 3rd International BSI (Biomedical Signal Interpretation) Workshop, pp/ 366-369, Chicago, IL, June 1999.
116. Application of the LAMSTAR Neural Network to Adaptive Control Problems, Proc. 9th ANNIE Conf., St. Louis, MO, pp. 89-94, Nov. 1999.
117. A Wavelet Approach to Blind Adaptive Filtering, Proc. 43 rd IEEE Midwest Circuits and Systems Symp., E. Lansing, MI, Vol.43, pp. 1362-1365, August 2000. (D. Veselinovic and D. Graupe).
118.Stochastically Modulated FES Signals and Their Effect on Muscle Fatigue in Paraplegics, Proc. 4 th IFESS Conf., pp. 89-91, Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 2002
119.Prediction of Fetal Wellbeing Using a Novel Neural Network, Proc. IASTED Signal Processing Conf., Heraklion, Greece, pp. 119-124, June 2002 (D. Scarpazza, M.H. Graupe, C.J. Hobel and D. Graupe).
120. A Neural Network Approach to Blind Separation of Unknown Mixed Channels, Proc. 12 th ANNIE Conf. (Artificial Neural Nets in Engg.), St. Louis, MO, pp. 689-694, Nov. 2002, (P. Suliga and D. Graupe)
121. A Novel Neural Network Application to Blind Adaptive Filtering of Unknown Noise from Speech, Proc. 12 th ANNIE (Artif. Neur. Net. In Engg.) Conf., St. Louis, MO, pp. 683-688, Nov. 2002 (D. Graupe and J. Abon).
122.Automated Detection of Epilepsy Using a LAMSTAR Neural Network, Proc. IASTED Internatl. Conf. On Biomedical Engineering, Salzburg, Aystria, June 2003 (V.P. Nigam and D. Graupe).
123. A Motion Trajectory Based Video Retrieval System Using Parallel Adaptive Self Organizing Maps, Proc. International Joint Conf. on Neural Networks- IJCNN, (Wei Qu, Faisal I. Bashir, Dan Graupe, Ashfaq Khokhar, and Dan Schonfeld), 2005
124. Extraction of Fetal ECG from Maternal ECG,? ?? Graupe, MH, Graupe, D, Zhong, Y, 26th Conf on Fetal Maternal Medicine,Amer. College Obstetrics & Gynecology, Miami Beach , Feb 2006 (ABSTRACT. Amer J Obstet. Gyn. March 2006).? .
125. Extracting Fetal from Maternal ECG for Early Diagnosis: Theoretical Problems and Solutions: BAF and ICA, Proc. 5th IASTED International Conf on Biomadical Engineering, pp. 352-356, ?Feb 2007.
126. Performance evaluation and patient training in FES for ambulation by complete thoracic level paraplegics, D Graupe and H Cerrel-Bazo, Padua Muscle Days: The Long Lasting Denervated Muscle, Padua, Italy, April 2007
127. Direct Back-Propagation control of unstable nonlinera systems with Unknown Parameter: Difficulties, strategies and resuklts ??(D Graupe, E saric ?and M Smollak), Proc. ?IASTED International Conf on Control & Appl.., Paper 568-006, pp, `158-162, Motreal, May, 2007.
128. Walking by Complete Thoracic-Level Paraplegics Via FES: Present Status and System Impovements,? Proc. 12th IFESS ?Annual Conf., Philadelphia, PA, Session 3, Nov. 2007.
129. Control of Unstable Nonlinear and Nonstationary Systems Using LAMSTAR Neural Networks, Proc. 10th IASTED Internat. Conf. on Intelligent Systems and Control, Cambridge, MA, pp. 50-54, Nov. 2007 (D Graupe and M Smollack).
130. Stochastic modelling of the
neuronal activity in the thalamus of essential tremor patient, IEEE/EMBS 32nd Ann. International
Conf IEEE, Buenos Aires, 2010 (Ishita Basu, Daniela
Tuninetti, Daniel Graupe, Konstantin V Slavin)
1. Election as IEEE Fellow, 1984.
2. Election as IEEE LIFE FELLOW, 2003
3. Springer Visiting Chair of Engineering, Univ. of California - Berkeley, 1977
4. Election and Appointment as Bodine Chair Professor (First holder of Chair - lifetime appointment) & Distinguished Professor at Illinois Institute of Technology (elected in 1994).
5. Certificate of Commendation on Research into Electrical Stimulation of Paraplegics - Cand. Paralysis Assoc., 1992.
6. Michigan Legislature - Joint resolution of House and Senate honoring Research into Elect. Stim. of Paraplegics by D. Graupe, 1994.
7. Governor of Michigan - Commendation of Research into Elect. Stim. of Paraplegics, 1995.
8. American Association of Life Extension - same as #6, 1995.
9. Election as Senior Scholar of University of Illinois, 1988-91
10. Best Paper Award, 6th Annual ANNIE (Artiicial Neural Networks in Engineering) Conference, St. Louis, MO, 1996.
11. Keynote Address at IASTED International Conference on Signal Processing & Pattern Recognition, Heraklion, Greece, June 2002.
12. Election to serve on the IEEE-ESBM Regional Conferences Committee, 2004
13. Election to serve on the Executive Committee of the Board of the International Society of Bioelectromagnetism (ISBEM), (2004-2008).
1. Method & Means for Adaptively Filtering Noise from Speech, # 4,025,721, issued 5/24/77
2. Multifunctional Control for Above-Elbow Prosthesis, # 4,030,141. issued 6/21/77
3. Method & Means for Scrambling & Descrambling of Speech, # 4,086,435. 4/25/78
4. Method & Means for Processing Audio Freq. Signals to Conceal Intelligibility, # 4,126,761, issued 11/21/78
5. Method & Means. for Adaptively Filtering Near Stationary Noise, # 4,185,168, issued 6/22/80
6. ARMA Filter & Means to Design Same, # 4,188,667, issued 2/12/80
7. Multifunctional Control of Upper-Limb Prosthesis, # 4,209,860, issued 7/1/80
8. Improved Limb Prosthesis, # 4.220,176, issued 11/8/80
9. Adaptive Filtering of Acoustic Feedback, # 4,783,818, issued 11/8/88
10. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) Sys., # 5,014,705, issued 5/14/91
11. Method & Means For A Novel FES Sys., # 5,016,635, issued 5/21/91
12. Method & Means For Stim. Quadriceps, # 5,070,873, issued 12/10/91
13. Improved FES Sys., # 5,081,989, issued 1/21/92
14. An Improved FES Sys. & Its Control, # 5,092,329, issued 3/3/92
15. Artificial-Intelligence-Based Noise Reduction Sys, # 5,097,510, issued 3/17/92
16. Active Noise Cancellation Sys., # 5,140,640, issued 8/18/92
17. A Nonlinear Stochastic-Deterministic Blind Adaptive Filter (BAF), # 5,721,694, issued 12/23/97
18. BAF Closed-Loop System, # 5,768,392, issued 2/24/98
19. Compression Of Speech, # 5,822,370, issued 10/13/98
20. A Large Memory Neural Network, # 5,920,852, issued 7/6/99
21. N-Stage Compression of Speech, US Patent # 6,032,113, issued: 2/29/00.
22. Extraction of Fetal Electrocardiograms from maternal Electrocardiograms during 12 th to 30 th Gestation Week (M. H. Graupe, D. Graupe, Y. Zhong and P. Suliga), US Pat. # 7,680,531
23. Extraction of Fetal ECG Via Blind Adaptive Filtering (Graupe, D., Zhong, Y. and Graupe, M.H.)- filed on behalf of UIC, US Pat. # 7,747,316
24. Improvement in Non-Invasive Functional Electical Stimulation Device via Wireless Interface, Provisional Appl. filed on behalf of Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, Oct. 2006
25. A Visualization-Based Visual Aid for Advanced Glaucoma Patients , Provisional Appl. filed on behalf of Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, Feb 2007.
26 Improvements in Deep Brain Stimulation provisional , Pat. Alppl filed on Behalf of Univ. of Illinois, Chicago (D Tinnineti and D Graupe)
Also, several Foreign Patents (issued in U.K., Japan, Canada, Germany, Australia, etc.) based on the above U.S. Patents.