__Education____:__

*Ph.D. Electrical Engineering*

*University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1967*

*M.S. Electrical Engineering (Dipl. Ing.)*

*Technical University, München, 1963*

*Germany*

*B.LAS Liberal Arts and Sciences *

*August von Platen Gymnasium, Ansbach-Bayern, 1963*

*Germany*

__Research Interests__:

Current research interests are in the areas of electromagnetic field theory and wave propagation (ELF to microwave, mm-waves, infrared, optical, ultraviolet, x-ray); direct/inverse scattering; radar target mapping & microwave imaging and remote sensing; lidar/radar target phenomenology; radar polarimetry and target polarization analyses; fourier optics and holography; acoustic and electro-magnetic wave propagation in anisotropic, inhomogeneous media, tomography and modern image processing; geoelectromagnetic profile inversion; atmospheric optics non-linear problems in electromagnetic propagation; polarimetry in nature.

__Publications 1990 - Present__:

N.A. Soliman and W-M. Boerner, "Interpretation of the Depolarizing
Effects in Electromagnetic Vector Diffraction Tomography," *Inverse Problems,
*(Int. Inst. of Physics, Bristol, UK), Vol. 6, No. L., pp. X1-X27, May,
1990.

A.P. Agrawal, D.W. Carnegie, J.D. Nespor and W-M. Boerner, "Evaluation of Dual
Polarization Rain Scattering Matrix Measurements at X and Q Bands," Paper
V-A.1, in B.L. Matkin, L.W. Root and W-M. Boerner (eds), *Proceedings of the
Third Polarimetric Radar Technology Workshop, *Redstone Arsenal, AL, 1988
Aug 16-18, published by IIT-RI GACIAC, Chicago, Illinois Vol. 1, Part 2, pp.
7-18, May, 1990.

A.C. Manson and W-M. Boerner, "Interpretation of High-Resolution Polarimetric
Radar Target Down-Range Signatures Using Kennaugh's and Huynen's Target
Characteristic Operator Theories", Paper VIII.11, in B.L. Matkin, L.W. Root and
W-M. Boerner (eds),* Proceedings of the Third Polarimetric Radar Technology
Workshop, *Redstone Arsenal, AL, 1988 August 16-18, published by IIT-RI
GACIAC, Chicago, Illinois, Vol. 1, Part 2, pp. 631-666, May, 1990.

B-Y. Foo, S.K. Chaudhuri and W-M. Boerner, "Polarization Correction and
Extension of the Kennaugh-Cosgriff Target-Ramp Response Equation to the
Bistatic Case with Applications to Electromagnetic Inverse Scattering," *IEEE
Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, *Vol. AP-38, No. 7, pp. 964-972,
July, 1990.

Y. Yamaguchi, et al., and W-M. Boerner, et al., "Characteristic Polarization
States of Coherently Reflected Waves Based on the Vector Formulation in Radar
Polarimetry," *Japan Journal for Electronics and Communications Engineering
(JEJUNE), *Vol. AP/90-35, pp. 23-30, July, 1990, (in English).

W-M. Boerner and A-Q. Xi, "The Characteristic Radar Target Polarization State
Theory for the Coherent Monostatic and Reciprocal Case Using the Generalized
Polarization Transformation Radio Formulation," *ARCHIV DER ELEKTRISCHEN
UBERTRAGUNG, AEU, *Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 273-281, July/August 1990, (Special
Issue for the 60th Birthday of Prof. Hans Brand, UEN-IHFT).

S.-M. Lin and W-M. Boerner, "On the Eigen-Value Problem of Kennaugh's Optimal Polarization State Theory for the Asymmetric Scattering Matrix Case, Journal of the Northwest Polytechnic University, Xian, Shaanxi Province, PRC, Vol. 7, No. 8, pp. 622-631 (in Chinese), August, 1990.

J.Y. Dea, C.I. Richman and W-M. Boerner, "Observations of
Seismo-Electromagnetic Earth/Sea-Quake Precursor Signatures along Southern
California Fault Lines Recorded at the Naval Ocean Systems Center," Point Loma
Seaside, San Diego, California, *Proceedings of the Annual Japanese EMC
Workshop, *Niigata University, EMCJ 90-41, September 14-16, 1990.

Y. Yamaguchi, M. Mochida and W-M. Boerner, "On the Basic Principles of
Microwave Diffraction Tomography," *IEICE Transactions on Antennas and
Propagation, *Vol. 70, in print, (In Japanese with English Abstract).

W-M. Boerner and T-T. Kao, "The Polarimetric Matched Image Filter (PMIF)
Concept in POL-SAR Imaging",* Proceedings of the International Conference on
Radar Polarimetry, *IRESTE, Nantes France, March 20-23, 1990,
Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1991.

W-M. Boerner, (INVITED KEYNOTE ADDRESS during (main) PLENARY SESSION on "Radar
Polarimetry", at MIKON'91 Rydzyna, Poland, May 20-24, 1991), "Basic Equations
of Radar Polarimetry and its Solutions", MIKON'91, May 20-24, Rydzyna Castle,
Poland, *Proc. Vol. 2, *pp. 13-30, 1991.

W-M. Boerner, (INVITED SESSION OPENING PAPER for session: Polarimetric Signal
Processing), "Principles of the Polarimetric Matched Signal and Image Filters:
Application to Radar Target versus Clutter Optimal Discrimination,"
*MIKON'91, *May 20-24, Rydzyna Castle, Poland, *Proc., Vol. 1,* pp.
279-288, 1991.

H.J. Eom and W-M. Boerner, "Statistical Properties of Phase Difference Between
Two Orthogonally-Polarized SAR Signal," *IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and
Remote Sensing, *Vol. GE-29, No. 1, pp. 182-184, January, 1991.

H.J. Eom and W-M. Boerner, "Rough Surface Incoherent Backscattering of
Spherical Waves," *ICEICE Transactions on Communications,* (Japan), Vol. E
74, No. 1, pp. 105-108, January, 1991.

H.J. Eom and W-M. Boerner, "Statistical Properties of the Phase Difference
Between Two Orthogonally Polarized SAR Signals," *IEEE Transactions on
Geosciences and Remote Sensing, *Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 182-184, January,
1991.

Y. Yamaguchi, W-M. Boerner and H.J. Eom, "Calibration of Polarimetric FM-CW Radars and its Implications On That of POL-SAR Systems," CEOS-SAR-CAL Workshop, DLR, Oberpfaffenhofen, FRG, Jan 28-30 1991 (due to Mid-East crisis, cancelled and rescheduled for October 9-14, 1991).

Y. Yamaguchi, M. Mitsumoto, M. Sengoku, T. Abe and W-M. Boerner, "Polarimetric
and Synthetic Aperture FM-CW Radar," *Japan Journal for Electronics and
Communications Engineering (JJECE), *Vol. AP-91-60, pp. 61-68, August,
1991.

J.Y. Dea, W. Van Bise, E.A. Rauscher and W-M. Boerner, "Observations of ELF
Transient Events Arising from Space Vehicle Disturbances of the Ionosphere,"
*Canadian Journal of Physics, *Vol. 69, Nos. 8&9, Special Issue on
Space Research & Aeronomy, October 1991, pp. 959-965, August/September,
1991.

J.Y. Dea, C.I. Richman and W-M. Boerner, "Observations of
Seismo-Electromagnetic Earth/Sea-Quake Precursor Radiation Signatures Along
Southern Californian Fault Lines Recorded at the Naval Ocean Station since 1989
October", *Canadian Journal of Physics,* Vol. 69, Nos. 8&9, Special
Issue on Space Research & Aeronomy, October 1991, pp. 1138-1145,
August/September, 1991.

W-M. Boerner, "Polarimetric Radar Theory - An Overview," *Proceedings of the
International Conference on Electromagnetics in Aerospace Applications*
(ICEAA'91), Torino, Italy, 17-20, Session PR-I, Paper No. A-1, pp. 273-289,
September, 1991.

Y. Yamaguchi, H.J. Eom, W-M. Boerner, "Adaptive Communications Polarimetry,"
*Proceedings of the International Conference on Electromagnetics in Aerospace
Applications (ICEAA'91), *Torino, Italy, Session PR-II, Paper No. D-16, pp.
363-368, September, 1991.

W-L. Yan and W-M. Boerner, "Optimal Polarization States Determination of the
Stokes Reflection Matrices [M] for the Coherent Case, and of the Mueller Matrix
for the Coherent Case, and of the Mueller Matrix [M] for the Partially
Polarized Case", *Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, JEWA,
*Vol. 5, No. 10, pp. 1123-1150, October, 1991.

W-M. Boerner, W-L. Yan, A-Q. Xi and Y. Yamaguchi, "ON THE PRINCIPLES OF RADAR
POLARIMETRY (invited review): The Target Characteristic Polarization State
Theory of Kennaugh, Huynen's Polarization Fork Concept, and its Extension to
the Partially Polarized Case", *IEEE Proceedings, *Special Issue on
Electromagnetic Theory, Vol. 79, No. 10, pp. 1538-1550, October, 1991.

W-M. Boerner, J.B. Cole, (invited), FROM MILITARY TO PLANETARY ENVIRONMENTAL
DEFENSE: The Challenge of the Next Century, and a Viable New Role of the US
Military in an "ENVIRONMENTAL PLANETARY DEFENSE INITIATIVE," on a Global Scale,
*Proceedings of the NSIA-DEFENSE INDUSTRY AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL
AGENDA-SYMPOSIUM'91, *October 9-10, Sheraton Premier Hotel at Tyson Center,
Vienna, VA, pp. 314-330, November 1991, (available from Dr. D. Brent Pope,
editor, NSIA, Suite 300, 1025 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C.
20036-5405).

W-M. Boerner, W-L. Yan, A-Q. Xi, Y. Yamaguchi, "Basic Equations of Radar
Polarimetry and Its Solutions for the Sensing of Propagation Path Polarizations
State Changes," *Proceedings of the 49th AGARD-EPP Symposium on Remote
Sensing of the Propagation Environment, Cesme-Izmir, Turkey, *Paper No. 35,
p. 9, December, 1991.

W-M. Boerner, H.J. Eom, and Y. Yamaguchi, "Adaptive Communications Polarimetry:
Sensing of Propagation Path Changes and Adapting to Optimal Performance in
Cellular Communications," *Proceedings of the 49th AGARD-EPP Symposium on
Remote Sensing of the Propagation Environment," Cesme-Izmir, Turkey, *Paper
No. 36, p. 6, December, 1991.

W-M. Boerner, "Historical Development of Radar Polarimetry -- Unresolved Problems," Incentives for this Workshop, and Overview of Contributions to Proceedings, Paper No. 0-1 in W-M. Boerner, et al, Eds, Proceedings of the NATO-ARW-DIMRP'88, NATO-ASI Series C; Mathematical & Physical Sciences, Vol. C-350, Pts 1&2, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, NL, pp. 1-32, 1992.

S.K. Chaudhuri and W-M. Boerner, "A Polarimetric Model for Multi-Path
Imaging/Identification Analysis using Poly-static (Bi-static plus Monostatic)
Scattering Matrix Data," Paper No. II-10, in W-M. Boerner, et al, Eds,
*Proceedings of the NATO-ARW-DIMRP'88, *NATO-ASI Series C; Mathematical
& Physical Sciences, Vol. C-350, Pts 1&2, D. Reidel Publ. Co.,
Dordrecht, NL, pp. 707-738, 1992.

A.P. Agrawal and W-M. Boerner, "Description of a Monostatic Polarimetric Radar
Model for Fluctuating Distributed Scatterers with Applications to Rain
Backscatter," Paper No. XIII-9, in W-M. Boerner, et al, Eds, *Proceedings of
the NATO-ARW-DIMRP'88, *NATO-ASI Series C; Mathematical & Physical
Sciences, Vol. C-350, Pts 1&2, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, NL, pp.
1779-1806, 1992.

T.J. Park, H.J. Eom, G.Y. Hur, W-M. Boerner and Y. Yamaguchi, "TM Scattering
from a Dielectric-loaded Semi-circular Trough in a Conducting Plane, *IEICE
Transactions, *Japan, Vol. E75-B, No. 2, pp. 87-91, February, 1992.

A-Q. Xi and W-M. Boerner, "Determination of the Characteristic Polarization
States of the Target Scattering Matrix [S(AB)] for the Coherent, Monostatic and
Reciprocal Propagation Space," *Journal of the Optical Society of America,
*Part 1A, Optics & Image Sciences, Series 2, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 437-455,
March, 1992.

A.P. Agrawal and W-M. Boerner, "Description of Polarimetric Backscatter Radar
Model for Distributed Hydrometeoric Scatters," *Radio Science *(Section),
Vol. 27, No. 6, pp. x-1 - x-8, June, 1992.

W-M. Boerner, C.L. Liu and X. Zhang, "A Rigorous Optimization Procedure for
Alternate Co-variance Matrix Formulations in Radar Polarimetry, *ETC,*
invited paper, June, 1992 (Special Issue).

J.Y. Dea, P.D. Hansen and W-M. Boerner, "Introduction of Low Frequency Radio Polarimetry - Theory and Applications," NSF Workshop on Low Frequency Electrical Precursors to Earthquakes: Fact or Fiction? UCR, Riverside, CA, June 14-17, 1992.

W-M. Boerner, "Global Environmental Defense: The Mission of the International
Universities of Tomorrow," *Second ST. PETERSBURG Conference on Higher
Education in Europe * (organized by the St. Petersburg Association for
Cooperation with Universities of the World), Lakes Onezhskoje, Karelia and
Ladozhskoje, Russia, June 24-29, 1992.

C-L. Liu, X. Zhang and W-M. Boerner, "Basic Equations of Radar Polarimetry and
its Solutions: The Characteristic Radar Polarization States for the Coherent
and Partially Polarized Cases," *IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote
Sensing, *(Special Issue), Fall, 1992.

W-M. Boerner, "Wideband Radar Polarimetry: Low Frequency Sounding - to -
Optical Imaging - An Indispensable Tool," in 'PLANETARY ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE',
*Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, *APCM'92, Adelaide, South Australia,
August 11-13, 1992, Special Workshop on Wideband Radar Sensing and Imaging
Polarimetry, University of South Australia Campus, Session I-1, August 14,
1992.

W-M. Boerner, "Ultrawideband Radar Polarimetry: An Indispensable Tool in High
Resolution Instantaneous Detection, Sensing, Specification, Imaging and
Identification of Global Nature and Man-Induced Environmental Threats - An
Essential Tool in Planetary Environmental Defense," *INVITED KEYNOTE
ADDRESS,* JIPR-2, Normandie, France, September 8-10, 1992.

W-M. Boerner, G.K. Stratis and V. Naik, "Polarization Dependence in Ultrawideband Impulsive Radar: Polarimetric Target versus Clutter Separation using Wideband Polarimetric Wavelet and Doppler Signatures," JIPR-2, Normandie, France, September 8-10, 1992.

C-L. Liu, E. Luneburg and W-M. Boerner, "Analysis of the Absolute and Relative
Phase Conditions of Transformation Matrices for the 2x2 Sinclair [S] and 3x3
Covariance [I] Matrices in Radar Polarimetry, *Journal of the Optical Society
of America, *Part 1A, Optics & Imaging Science, Series 2, Vol. E76B,
1993.

W-M. Boerner, M. Walther and A. Segal, "The Concept of the Polarimetric Matched Signal and Image Filters: Application to Radar Target Versus Clutter Optimal Discrimination in Microwave Imaging and Sensing," International Journal on Advances in Remote Sensing (IJARS), (EARSEL), Boulogne-Billancourt, France, Vol. 2, No. 1-1, pp. 219-252, January, 1993.

W-M. Boerner, C-L. Liu and X. Zhang, "Comparison of the Optimization Procedures
for the 2x2 Sinclair and the 4x4 Mueller Matrices in Coherent Polarimetry and
Its Application to Radar Target Versus Background Clutter Discrimination in
Microwave Sensing & Imaging, *International Journal of Advances in Remote
Sensing (IJARS), *(EARSEL), Boulogne-Billancourt, France, Vol. 2, No. 1-1,
pp. 55-82, January, 1993.

T.J. Park, H.J. Eom, G.Y. Hur, W-M. Boerner and Y. Yamaguchi, "TE-Scattering
from a Dielectric-Loaded Semi-Circular Trough in a Conducting Plane, *Journal
of Electro-magnetic Waves and Applications: JEWA, *Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.
235-245, February, 1993.

J.Y. Dea, P.M. Hansen and W-M. Boerner, "Long-Term ELF Background Noise
Measurements, the Existence of Regional Polarimetric Low Noise Windows, and
Applications to Earthquake Precursor Emission Studies, *Journal of Physics of
the Earth and Planetary Interiors, *Special Issue on International Decade
for Natural Disaster Reduction: Electromagnetic Methods for Natural Disaster
Warning, PEPI, Vol. 77, Issue 1-2, pp. 109-125, April, 1993.

W-M. Boerner and J.B. Cole, "From Military Towards Environmental Defense: A
New Role for the World Militaries in an International Environmental Defense
Initiative," Parts 1&2, *IEEE Journal on Society and Technology, *No.
3, July, 1993.

W-M. Boerner, S.R. Cloude, E. Luneburg, Y. Yamaguchi and J.J. van Zyl, "On The
Proper Definition of the Transmission and Scattering Type Matrices in Optical
and Microwave Polarimetry," *IEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation,
*Vol. 41, 1993.

F.A. Molinet and W-M. Boerner, "Recent Advances in Polarimetric Inverse
Scattering of Complex Structured Radar Targets Using the Geometrical and
Physical Optics and the Geometrical and Physical Theory of Diffraction,"
*PIERS'93,* CAL-TECH/JPL, Pasadena, California, Paper No. 2-7, July 12-16,
1993.

F.A. Molinet and W-M. Boerner, "Recent Advances in Polarimetric Inverse
Scattering of Complex Structured Radar Targets Using the Geometrical &
Physical Optics and the Geometrical & Physical Theory of Diffraction,"
*URSI-GA'93, *Session B7, Kyoto, Japan, August 25-September 2, 1993.

C-L. Liu, E. Luneburg, M. Tanaka and W-M. Boerner, "Comparison of Optimization
Procedures for Radar/Lidar Scattering Matrices: A Unified Radar/Lidar Inversion
Approach," *URSI-GA'93,* Session B7, Kyoto, Japan, August 25-September 2,
1993

J.Y. Dea, P.M. Hansen, A.W. Green, Jr. and W-M. Boerner,
"Seismo-Electromagnetologic Recordings in the ULF/ELF Bands Prior/During/After
Lithospheric Stress Conditions, Earthquakes and Volcano Eruptions in SW
California," *URSI'93,* Session HEG, Kyoto, Japan, August 25-September 2,
1993.

J.Y. Dea, P.M. Hansen, A.W. Green, Jr. and W-M. Boerner, "The Existence of
Regional Low Noise ULF/ELF Spectral Polarimetric Windows for Detecting
Earth/Sea-Prequake Radiation Signatures of Listhospheric Stress Conditions and
Tentative Modeling of Seismo-Electromagnetologic Radiation Emission Source
Mechanisms, *WEMPREP* *1993, *Chofu-Shi, Japan, September 6-8,
1993.

J.Y. Dea, P.M. Hansen and W-M. Boerner, "An Introduction to Low Frequency
(ULF/ELF/VLF) Radio Polarimetry and Some Applications to the Interpretation of
Natural and Cultural Emission Signatures," *WEMPREP 1993, *Chofu-Shi,
Japan, September 6-8, 1993.